“Port Schedules Cannot be Today for Tomorrow”
Within the framework of its participation as a speaker at the seminar "Port Community System (PCS), coordination tools for the port logistics", the Spanish specialist Lluís Miró, consultant in the area of ports and logistics of the company IDOM (Engineering and Management Works and Mounting), Pablo Fortin of PortalPortuario.cl gave his vision regarding the current Chilean port development and the challenges of the industry , concepts that apply in general to all the Latin American ports.
Where are the gaps in competitiveness between the Chilean ports?
We work to Valparaiso port and made a model of competitiveness by comparing the central port system of Chile (Valparaíso and San Antonio) with Peru (Callao). One of the big differences is the type of companies that operate in the port in Callao are large international operators who bring all their know-how from the main terminals of the world in technological level, such as cranes, equipment, among others. In Chile they are equipping in a good way and each time, at the level of efficiency, they are very well armed. TPS, for example, is very efficient in the delivery and reception of containers. Valparaiso has solved the problem of the access with the ZEAL, in San Antonio I know they are working in it.
There contribute the Port Community System PCS*…
In this sense, the Port Community System are a very powerful tool for the efficiency of logistics processes, to get at thethe operator will only hire railway if it has a lower cost than the truck level of international ports. Ultimately, we see that Central terminals are at good level, independent of not having international operators, and even compared to Peru, land access are a little better in Chile and what can be improved, that would give them many points, would be the railway theme, which now is trying to boost.
*A PCS is an electronic platform that connects the multiple systems operated by a variety of organisations that make up a seaport or airport community. It is shared in the sense that it is set up, organised and used by firms in the same sector (in this case, a port community).
How is explained that in Chile, having the geography that has and with one of the oldest rail networks of South America’s, don’t have it implemented?
When the road transport is able to accommodate all containers that arrive at the port, thus there is no long neck bottle. The truck has a flexibility that has no railway and that is left to rail competitiveness. The train can only win at the level of safety and cost, therefore the operator will only hire railway if it has a lower cost than the truck or if it has no more trucks and has to go to another type of transportation to evict their goods from the port.
Where lies this efficiency?
To make it more efficient at the level of cost, railroad needs very good infrastructure, direct connections to Santiago in the case of the logistics network and then the good would it connect not only with Santiago, but also with all the Chilean coast, which would be ideal for their long. A rail service that tour the country’s insurance would be very useful at this level, because as longer commutes, it is less the cost to rail level.
In relation to the region how are Chilean ports?
At port level, to aspire to the number of containers that move countries like Panama or Colombia, next to the Canal, it is very difficult because these countries have much traffic transfer. In Chile the most of the traffic that comes is import and export, then currently they are moving about 4 million containers, but which respond to the consumption and the Chilean export. Grow and reach the level of containers of those Central American countries is more complicated for Chile.
What decision have to take Chile with regard to the Port in Grand Scale PGS *?
I believe that the issue of demand is here very important. It is important to analyze whether there is demand for a port of these characteristics. With the new construction of the terminal TCVAL in Valparaíso and Puerto Central expansion should see if the ports need to have more capacity. I imagine that relevant studies have been done and if really containers demand in the long run justifies the PGS. Then you need to do studies with respect to what is the best location at the level of cost and efficiency, to decide which is the best place for that port.
In your opinion, the PGS * it is necessary, we are behind or we are in time to build it?
I think that it is good to know if you want to do it or not, because the port schedules require lot of time; the port works cannot be today for tomorrow, a port work requires years of planning. If this study of demand has been made and really requires it the country or the central zone of Chile, you should be deciding where and when.
* The new Minister of Transport, Paola Tapia, assured that the Government will not choose between Valparaíso and San Antonio to carry out the works of the Megaport, but rather will grow throughout the system through Large-scale Logistics Network.